The Science behind paint protection

What is car paint protection ??

A basic write-up of the science behind car paint protection

There is a lot more science into these products than most know about, which is fair enough as most haven’t had the opportunity to learn about products that they have even been ‘approved’ to apply as even their distributor or re-seller may not even know (or care?) about what the product is all about. Except making sales

Just adding to the confusion of everything that is currently available online for you to read into, firstly as some of you don’t know we actually spend quite a lot of time researching and learning about products (in particularly i do myself) out of detailing obsession and interest. Some stuff certainly goes way over my head though and I do try do as much research and educate myself as best I can to fully understand the processes involved

• Nanotechnology polymers form a very tight matrix chain-link structure, which forms both a very strong bond and one that is not easily breached by heavy chemicals or detergents (normally claimed “against alkaline washes, wheel cleaners and other acids from most brands)

• This type of nanotechnology coating with its small particulate size are much smaller than those of water, making them hydrophobic and hydraphillic (Both obviously meaning water resistant with different characters)

The results we mention bellow have all been sourced from different websites online and just put together to try explain their chemical build up

• A Quartz or CQuartz is an inorganic silica / silicon dioxide • Prime is an inorganic silica / silicon dioxide • Ceramic Pro / Gyeon MOHS+ is an silicon dioxide glass coating (SiO2) • G’zox is an organic polymer • Gtechniq is an inorganic silicate crystallization compound • Nanolex is an inorganic, solvent-based formula nanostructure coating (organic nanotechonlogy) (however their new Si3D is a matrix of nanotechnology and quartz coating together is quiet impressive) • Some other products are Opti-Coat Pro, Autotriz™ nano ceramic, Duragloss Ceramic, Dr Beasleys Nano-Resin and the list goes on and on

On the Mohs scale, graphite (a principal constituent of pencil “lead”) has a hardness of 1.5, a fingernail, 2.2–2.5, a copper penny, 3.2–3.5, a pocketknife 5.1, a knife blade, 5.5; window glass plate, 5.5; and a steel file, 6.5.[9] A streak plate (unglazed porcelain) has a hardness of 7.0. Using these ordinary materials of known hardness can be a simple way to approximate the position of a mineral on the scale.

An adaptation of that hardness scale (1 – 10) • Talc = 1H • Carbon Black [black paint pigmentation] = 2H • Glass = 6H • Titanium dioxide [white paint pigmentation] = 7H • Corundum 9H • Diamond =10 H

From my understanding Autotriz is the only product to be independently tested in Germany to meet and exceeds TUV SUD standards in Munich proving it is one of if not the best products available in the after market paint protection today

And the following safety information is from a online health report which I pasted bellow

■ ■ Health and environmental concerns

A major study published more recently in Nature Nanotechnology suggests some forms of carbon nanotubes – a poster child for the “nanotechnology revolution” – could be as harmful as asbestos if inhaled in sufficient quantities.

Anthony Seaton of the Institute of Occupational Medicine in Edinburgh, Scotland, who contributed to the article on carbon nanotubes, said “We know that some of them probably have the potential to cause mesothelioma.

So those sorts of materials need to be handled very carefully.” In the absence of specific nano-regulation forthcoming from governments (Paul, J. & Lyons, K. (2008) Nanotechnology: The Next Challenge for Organics) have called for an exclusion of engineered nanoparticle from organic food

[A newspaper article reports that workers in a paint factory developed serious lung disease and nanoparticle were found in their lungs]

In short, you should always ALWAYS be wearing a respritory system to avoid inhalation of these products during pre-application cleansers and application of the coating.

What are car paint protection or coatings

What is car paint protection and coatings

Written by Melbourne Mobile Detailing we choose to use Autotriz nano ceramic paint protection

Most likely the best effect has originate from the utilization of miniaturized scale innovation coatings, which have totally changed the scene of the itemizing business. Items like Zaino, Collinite, and so forth used to be the best insurance accessible yet small scale innovation items offer enormously expanded solidness, scratch resistance and security from the components that can be measured in seasons or years, instead of weeks or months.

Autotriz Australia
Autotriz Australia

What is Nanotechnology as it identifies with Detailing?

The art of nanotechnology; the creation, association, or control of materials, gadgets, or frameworks at the nanometre level Nanotechnology, Nano particles or Nano structures, precisely what are they and how would they identify with specifying?

The greater part of these coatings are not genuine nanotube/tubule innovation. This would bring about a genuine wellbeing sympathy toward those – also be ludicrously extravagant. The connection that “nano” (as identified with enumerating) is just as a relative size marker only to recognize a small scale estimated particulate. They are sub-micron particles that frame an unmistakable flimsy film of firmly pressed nano particles framing an expansion of the surface. The particles are up to a 1000 times denser which makes for a ultra-solid hard wearing surface.

In fact most specifying item particulates are not nano meter in size, despite the fact that they are to a great degree little, as the expression “nano” sufficiently portrays. Single-part coatings intertwine on an atomic premise and structure a greatly strong defensive layer on the paint surface gave they are connected appropriately.

The noteworthiness of a nano-covering is its small scale measured particles that can shape a tight bond with the surface of most materials; including glass, paint, plastic, elastic, aluminum, chrome, stainless steel and fabrics. These materials will have surface flaws i.e. tops and valleys, small scale crevices when seen under high amplification. These undulations permit a nano-covering polymer to shape a tight sub-atomic bond (much like a printer’s powdered ink when poured over paper that has composing spaces on it) with the surface its connected to.

Paint Surfaces

Auto paint surfaces contain minuscule tops and valleys, much like the profile of a mountain range. These inconsistencies are known as narrow structures; there may be a huge number of these imperfections per square crawl. Contaminants, for example, fine soil, minerals, and contaminations are drawn into the voids where they are amazingly difficult to evacuate.

The filling of the narrow structures with miniaturized scale particles delivers a hydrophobic surface. (A hydrophobic surface is one that repulses dampness.) interestingly, a hydrophilic surface is one that retains dampness. The capability of a surface to assimilate or repulse dampness is in light of numerous variables, including: temperature, relative stickiness, material homogeneity, and electricity produced via friction. Surface unpleasantness is additionally a central point; the rougher the surface, the higher the spreading rate or fascination for water. The smoother the surface, the more anti-agents it is to dampness (Lotus Effect).

The criticalness of a small scale covering is its little molecule measure that  can shape a tight bond with the surface of most materials; including glass, paint, plastic, elastic, aluminum, chrome, stainless steel and  fabrics, will have surface defects i.e. small scale gaps when seen under high amplification. These undulations permit a small scale coatings to shape a tight sub-atomic bond (much like a printers ink when poured over paper that has composing spaces on it) with the surface its connected to This level surface additionally enhances paint surface clarity and decrease light dissipating, giving enhanced light reflectance (LRV)

Fixing a surface with miniaturized scale particles means applying a smaller scale structure onto the surface, these treated surfaces get to be hydrophobic and opposes street earth, grime and so on connecting to its surface by the ‘Lotus Effect’. It is accordingly exceptionally water repellent, which empowers less exertion amid the cleaning stages and ideal insurance to the paintwork, glass, amalgams, fabric and trim.

Miniaturized scale innovation coatings frame a tight network steel a small scale structure  that embodies a reasonable dainty film of firmly stuffed nano particles shaping an expansion of the surface. These exceptionally thick particles are both an extremely solid bond and one that is not effortlessly broken by chemicals or cleansers. They additionally enhance paint surface clarity and lessen light disseminating, giving enhanced light reflectance

Through self-arranging against grip parts, the smaller scale structure frames an imperceptible hindrance like glass. They frame a bond by cabin themselves into the small scale pores of the paint framing a secured establishment and after that this establishment is based upon to shape the nano molecule framework. This is the reason a clean and dry, without oil (small scale pore) surface is so essential. Just the miniaturized scale structure stays on the fixed surfaces, while the water dissipates.

Small scale innovation offers prevalent solidness, hydrophobicity, surface hardness and scratch resistance, imperviousness to ecological contaminants, works like a reasonable coat in giving ultra violet (UV) and warmth radiation insurance without shading change (yellowing) or oxidation and simpler support, basically washing with plain water brings about a clean surface without loss of shine. these items are having a significant effect and profoundly change auto itemizing

Paint sealants contrasted with Coatings

Paint sealants are manufactured items intended for long haul paint insurance and simple application. They are made fundamentally out of amino utilitarian polymers, which last more than any regular wax and are profoundly impervious to the components. Manufactured fluid waxes are another method for depicting paint sealants. The principle advantage of a paint sealant is their strength contrasted with a wax, polymer-based sealants will last anywhere in the range of 3 to 6 months.

A covering is connected to a clean surface and are equipped for  a smaller scale structure ‘film assemble’, that is to say a quantifiable thickness, that surface tackles properties that are essentially indistinguishable to solidified glass. It is artificially inactive and won’t respond with the base material. As such, soil won’t attach to the treated surface, in this way decreasing dirtying and natural recoloring. Corrosive downpour and other synthetic mixes effectively wash off, essentially lessening the hydroscopic way of surfaces presented to modern or ecological contamination.

Does paint thickness (hardness) influence its scratch resistance?

Numerous covering items assert a got surface (Pencil) hardness of 9H yet this has little if anything to do with scratch resistance. Scratch resistance can be identified with higher cross-join thickness and flexibility of the covering system.

Hydrophobic surface [: The requirements for a self-cleaning hydrophobic surface are a very high static water contact angle θ, the condition often quoted is θ>160°, and a very low roll-off angle, i.e. the minimum inclination angle necessary for a droplet to roll off the surface] 

The lotus effect [: alludes to self-cleaning properties that are a consequence of high water repellence (super- hydrophobicity), as displayed by the leaves of the lotus flower] Dirt particles are gotten by water beads because of the smaller scale structural engineering at first glance, which minimizes the bead’s grip to that surface


Meaning of both Water repellence (hydrophobicity) and Roll-off

Hydrophobic surface [: The prerequisites for a self-cleaning hydrophobic surface are a high static water contact point θ, the condition frequently cited is θ>160°, and a low move off edge, i.e. the base slant edge essential for a bead to move off the surface] [1]

Hydrophobicity [: the property of being water-repellent; having a tendency to repulse and not assimilate water is dictated by the contact angle]

A hydrophobic surface is one that repulses dampness. Conversely, a hydrophilic surface is one that retains dampness. The capability of a surface to assimilate or repulse dampness is in light of numerous components, including: temperature, relative stickiness, material homogeneity, and friction based electricity. Surface harshness is likewise a main consideration; the rougher the surface, the higher the spreading rate or fascination for water. The smoother the surface, the more anti-agents it is to dampne

The contact point [: is the edge measured through the fluid, where a fluid/vapor interface meets a strong surface. It measures the wettability of a strong surface by a fluid through the Young equation]

Contact edge estimation gives a straightforward approach to focus the level of surface assurance. The arrangement of extensive, firmly dispersed water beads shows that dampness is effectively kept from being retained (a hydrophobic surface) into the surface profile. The characterization of water drops on a hard surface is referred to in industry as a “water break test” or ASTM F-22. This test is utilized broadly as a part of the business to check surface cleanliness.

The size, shape, and stature of the water drops are measured by their contact edge. Contact point is figured by a straight line that begins at the base of the bead and goes along its external surface to the break-off point. The estimation between this line and the surface decides the contact point

Surfaces with a contact edge A 90° are alluded to as hydrophilic and those with a point A90° as hydrophobic. A few plants show contact edges up to 160° and are called super-hydrophobic implying that just 2-3% of a drop’s surface is in contact. Plants with a twofold organized surface like the lotus can achieve a contact edge of 170° though a drop’s genuine contact range is just 0.6%. This prompts a self-cleaning effect.

Move off

The lotus effect [: alludes to self-cleaning properties that are an aftereffect of high water repellence (super- hydrophobicity), as showed by the leaves of the lotus flower]

Repellant [: ready to repulse a specific thing; impenetrable to a specific substance]

Move off of soil particles with a diminished contact territory are epitomized by water drops and are effectively cleaned off the surface. On the off chance that a water bead moves crosswise over such a defiled surface the attachment between the earth particles and the water drop is all that much diminished and the soil is effectively expelled from the surface

Covering Viability

Surface vitality (interface vitality) [: in the physical science of solids, surfaces must be naturally less vigorously good than the majority of a material (the particles at first glance have more vitality contrasted and the atoms in the greater part of the material]

So as to effectively frame a persistent covering, the fluid ought to have the capacity to wet the surface of the material. Wettability relies on upon one particular property of the surface: surface vitality. The surface vitality of the strong substrate straightforwardly influences how well a fluid wets the surface. To accomplish great wettability the surface vitality of the substrate needs to surpass that of the surface strain of the fluid by around 2 – 10 mN/m (Dynes). The Dyne level mirrors the surface wettability – the higher the Dyne level, the better the wettability/grip.

To acquire ideal attachment, it is important to expand the surface vitality of the substrate to simply over that of the material to be connected. For ideal attachment of a covering on different substrates, it is important to get a high surface vitality. Deciding the surface vitality can be accomplished by measuring contact point or by utilization of Surface Energy Test Liquids or Pens (Dyne level testing).

This type of estimation is taking into account the ISO strategy for measuring the surface vitality of polyethylene film. Surface vitality may be characterized as the overabundance vitality at the surface of a material contrasted with the mass. Each strong surface has a particular and quantifiable surface vitality. The unit of estimation utilized is the Dyne/cm² or mN/m.

At the point when the Dyne level test fluid is connected to the surface, the fluid will either frame a ceaseless film at first glance or maneuver once again into little drops. In the event that the Dyne test liquid stays as a film for 3 seconds, the substrate will have a base surface vitality of that liquid quality, communicated in N/m (Dynes). Should the Dyne test liquid reticulate or downside into beads in under 1 second then the surface vitality of the substrate is lower than that of the liquid itself. To test the reasonability of a covering obliges measuring the surface vitality (surface strain).

Utilizing a Dyne Test Pen will gauge the surface strain and recognize whither the covering is still suitable, which obliges a surface pressure of 38mN/m or higher.

Measure the surface vitality by utilizing slight weight to draw the Dyne QuickTest Pen tip over the covered surface. On the off chance that the ink lines therapist or dab inside of 1-2 seconds then the surface security is debasing as the surface vitality level has dropped to under 38 Dynes. In the event that the ink lines stay as checked and don’t recoil then the test specimen surface assurance is still reasonable as the covering has a surface vitality of 38 Dynes or higher.

Dyne QuickTest Pen – gear/fast test-pens/

Item Application

Be insightful that for a covering item to achieve its maximum capacity; that is to say the right contact edge, toughness and ideal cross-connecting it basic that you give a “clean” surface. Before application both above and sub-surfaces ought to be purifies, cleaning grease (oils, polymer (silicones) and wax) framework ought to be uprooted

Utilize the fitting individual assurance gear (PPE) an affirmed cover (Consult the current 3M Respiratory Selection Guide for extra data or call 1-800-243-4630 for 3M specialized help) nitrile gloves and security glasses as a base.

Because of the development of smaller scale fiber towels, they embody a hydrophobic Polyester (a cleaning fiber) which likewise gives the material quality and sturdiness and a hydrophilic Polyamide (an engrossing fiber) that is hugely retentive and fast drying. This nylon crossover is made amid weaving to make minuscule circles, which frame a system of little snares, scouring without end earth and grime. The way of this yarn is that it is a retentive; the reason polyester seems to ingest fluids is the numerous a large number of smaller scale filaments that aggregately epitomize fluids.

1)  Dr Joe committed Lint-Free 100% Cotton Surgical Towels, that  have a build up free, tight cotton herringbone weave and a string number of 170  per square creep,  which is perfect for hard surfaces as they have more “grasp” than smaller scale fiber towels and serves to spread the coatings evenly.Fold the towel down the middle and afterward half once more.

2)  The covering can likewise be connected with a build up free and non-grating microfiber softened cowhide fabrics (low snooze), which will uniformly spread the covering instead of retaining it. Edgeless optical evaluation calfskin weave Use a new fabric with an utensil square to help you set out the ideal utilization of fluid coatings and other assurance items. The Rag Company Detail Master™ Pro yet the significant burden of this kind of utilization is the covering dries and hardens to glass, which implies you require 5- 8 towels that will be disposed of after utilization.

My favored application system is to utilize base covering (P-01A) connected with a turning machine polisher and apply the covering with a shower firearm as I feel this gives a predictable thickness and scope. The covering can be connected with a smaller scale fiber towel yet the significant disservice of this sort of utilization is the covering dries and cements to glass, which implies you require 5- 8 towels that will be tossed after utili

Drying/ Curing

Utilization of infra-red lights is profoundly prescribed. Permit 24 hours in a dampness/ clean free environment

Covering Maintenance

Numerous individuals have the wrong impression that paint coatings are a “no support obliged” kind of item. This is essentially not genuine. Routine washing is pivotal. As your covering gets to be secured with soil and defilement, you will see an abatement in hydrophobic properties. It’s imperative to uproot any surface taints all the time with an auto wash think that won’t leave gleam enhancers or surfactants behind because of a coatings ‘move off’ washing and drying the paint surface is effectively fulfilled

The ordinary auto wash thinks basically contain surfactants and antacid added substances. They work by separating surface pressure and wetting the surface to encourage soil evacuation by flushing. With huge numbers of the fresher coatings conventional auto wash arrangements, particularly at their ordinary great weakenings.

Utilize an exceptionally defined item like Optimum ONR or Modesta H-05 Shampoo– particularly formed for hydrophilic coatings. This uncommon cleanser evacuates soil and restores/draws out the covering’s unique hydrophobicity. This is a perfect covering upkeep cleanser

Dry surfaces with a waffle weave (arouse) towels to guarantee zero damaging to the paint surface


Shine the paint surface to evacuate (without uprooting an excess of clear coat) any surface flaws as this item cures to end up optically clear and will highlight any surface imperfections. It has constantly baffled me why individuals over-clean their auto paint and reason the paint to fall flat rashly; we all have seen cases of clear coat disappointment. A covering is the best approach to maintain a strategic distance from untimely disappointment of clear coats.

Coatings offers predominant sturdiness, hydrophobicity, surface hardness and scratch resistance, imperviousness to natural contaminants and works in a comparable manner to a reasonable coat in giving ultra violet (UV) and warmth radiation insurance without shading change (yellowing) or oxidation and less demanding support, basically washing with plain water brings about a clean surface without loss of shine. I think these items will have a significant effect and profoundly change auto enumerati


I completed broad research center testing of coatings using standard lab conventions, this involved substance investigation with a mass spectrometer, warmth, corrosive and ultra violet radiation resistance, surface hardness and hydrophilic properties.

The mas spec examination demonstrated numerous likenesses between a few brands, which of course would propose relabeled items.

The couple of, simply how about we say novel, items albeit utilizing totally distinctive chemicals as a part of their plan showed remarkable results

Recording a patent on a substance plan is to a great degree troublesome and would not take care of the issue as changing only one segment would make the patent void. Change is the thing that R and D (advancement) is about, what’s more relabeled item in the last investigation brings about more deals.